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Journal of the Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology 2002;6(1): 56-60.
스테로이드 반응성 신증후군 환아에서 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine의 예방효과
한혜원, 하일수, 정해일, 이환종, 최용
1서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
3서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
4서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
5서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Efficacy of 23-valent Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine in Steroid Responsive Nephrotic Syndrome
Hye-Won Hahn, Il-Soo Ha, Hae-Il Cheong, Hoan-Jong Lee, Yong Choi
1Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine
2Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine
3Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine
4Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine
5Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine
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ABSTRACT
Purpose Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major pathogen in both adults and children, causing significant morbidity and mortality In patients with nephrotic syndrome, Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of spontaneous peritonitis, and the increasing incidence of penicillin-resistance strain facilitates the development of effective vaccine. The limitation of current pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine prompted development of polysaccharide- protein conjugate vaccine.
Methods: We reviewed the medical record of total 225 steroid responsive nephrotic patients to ascertain the effectiveness of 23- valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Results. Twenty- eight patients have developed peritonitis during the courses, and 7 of those have recurrent peritonitis. Fifty- five patients were vaccinated and followed- up for 1- 108 months (mean 38.5 months), and during the follow- up period, pneumococcus related peritonitis was not detected. Vaccine- related relapse of nephrotic syndrome w as absent.
Conclusion : In spite of the non- consensus about the efficacy of PPV23, clinically it benefits, and until the clinical trial of PCV7 is completed, PPV23 will be recommended. (J Korean Soc Pediatr Nephrol 2002;6: 56-60)
Key words: Nephrotic syndrome | Peritonitis | S. pneumoniae | Pneumococcal vaccine
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