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Child Kidney Dis > Volume 25(1); 2021 > Article
Kim and Cho: Effect of Hypertension on Childhood-onset Systemic Lupus Erythematous in a Tertiary Medical Center in Korea
Child Kidney Dis 2020;24:107-114

4. Follow-up BP trends

During follow up, the prevalence of hypertension increased and at the last visit, 31.3% of patients were diagnosed as having hypertension (n=10). In the last follow-up, stage 2 hypertension was prevalent than stage 1. The median value of Ped-SDI at last follow up was 1.0. Among childhood-onset SLE patients with hypertension, 2 patients had 3 episodes of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. LVH was detected in 5 patients with hypertension and 1 patient without hypertension (Table 6).

Table 6.
Follow-up Blood Pressure Trends
Variable Values
Last visit SBP (mmHg), mean±standard deviation 116.0±13.4
Last visit DBP (mmHg), mean±standard deviation 71.1±11.9
Last follow up blood pressure stage, N (%) [number of patients with antihypertensive medication]
 Normotensive 16 (51.6) [2]
 Elevated blood pressure 12 (38.7) [5]
 Hypertension stage 1 1 (3.2) [0]
 Hypertension stage 2 2 (6.5) [2]
Last visit BMI, median (range) 21.2 (15.8–31.8)
Last visit overweight and obesity, N (%) 11 (35.5)
Last steroid dose, converted to PD (mg/kg/day), median (range) 0.1 (0.03–0.6)
LVH at any period*, N (%) 6 (42.9)
PRES, N (%) 2 (6.3)
Last visit Ped-SDI, median (range), N (%) 1.0 (0–5)

* In 14 patients, data was available.

Abbreviations: SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; BMI, body mass index; PD, prednisolone; LVH, left ventricular hypertrophy; PRES, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome; Ped-SDI, The Pediatric Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index.

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