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Journal of the Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology 2006;10(2): 174-181.
1,559례의 소아 신생검에 대한 고찰 : 단일기관 연구
최용성, 김선경, 김성도, 조병수
1경희대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2경희대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
3경희대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
4경희대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Analysis of 1559 Kidney Biopsies : A Single Center Study
Yong-Sung Choi, Sun-Kyoung Kim, Sung-Do Kim, Byoung-Soo Cho
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Kyung-Hee University
2Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Kyung-Hee University
3Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Kyung-Hee University
4Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Kyung-Hee University
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ABSTRACT
Purpose : To analyse the results of the renal biopsies and the clinical diagnoses of patients who had undergone percutaneous kidney biopsies in the department of pediatrics at Kyunghee University Hospital for 22 years from 1984 to 2005.
Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 1559 patients and analyzed the chief complaints that led to a renal biopsy, age, sex, histopathologic findings and diagnosis. Routine kidney biopsies were performed by automated gun biopsy guided by real time ultrasonography. The diagnoses were made based on the specimen's light microscopy, immunofluorescence microscopy and electron microscopy findings and clinical symptoms and signs.
Results : The mean age of the patients was 10 years with the male to female ratio being 1.3:1. The chief complaints that led to a renal biopsy included hematuria only(753 cases, 48.3%), proteinuria only(125 cases, 8.0%) and hematuria combined with proteinuria(537 cases, 34.4%). The most frequent histopathological finding was primary glomerular disease(75.4%) which included IgA nephropathy(30.1%) and mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis(27.6 %). Systemic disease comprised 11.4% which included Henoch-$Schddot{o}nlein$ nephritis(10.5%) and lupus nephritis(0.8%). Alport syndrome was found in 1.1% of cases which was attributed to hereditary causes. 628 children(40.3%) visited the clinic due to abnormal school urine screening abnormalities and among these, 237 children had mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis and 234 children who had IgA nephropathy were managed thereafter.
Conclusion : IgA nephropathy and mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis were the two major forms of primary glomerulonephritis found in Korean children who had kidney biopsies from 1984 to 2005.
Key words: Renal biopsy | Childhood
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